My Report on Roller Coasters!
I had to write an informative report on something for English. I wrote about coasters. here it is. Tell me what you think.
Informative Report: Roller Coasters-The Great Scream Machines
Roller Coasters are the monsters that define amusement parks. Whether the ride be a classic wooden coaster at a traditional theme park, or a 200 foot giant that towers over everything about it. These scream machines have had an interesting development over the years, and are part of our nation’s heritage.
The history and development of roller coasters is an interesting one. The first roller coasters were said to be made in Russia. Of course, the term roller coaster had not been coined yet, but the concept was invented. In the 17th century, Russian Ice Sleds were the built throughout Russia and especially in what would become St. Petersburg. These wooden structures covered in ice would be built for Winter Festivals. Even the Royals love the slides!
It is disputed whether the French or the Russians built the first coaster with wheels. But we know that the French invented the loop. The loop was only thirteen feet wide after a forty-three foot drop, with one rider at a time. We definitely have come a long way, because there are some coasters today with loops top 100 feet in height!
Wooden coasters have changed greatly over the century, and still are very popular attractions. Even if other rides are more advanced. Leap-the-Dips, the oldest operating roller coaster in the world, was built in 1902 and had a 46 foot drop. This ride is a kiddie ride today, but it was state-of-the-art when it opened. Wooden coasters were very popular in the twenties. Some still operating today are Big Dipper at Geauga Lake or the most classic coaster of them all, the Coney Island Cyclone.
Since then, some of the more famous wooden coasters built include “The Beast” at Paramount’s King’s Island, in King’s Mills, Ohio. This coaster opened as the longest coaster in the world, and is still the longest wooden coaster. This ride was unlike any “woodie” before it. It did not include the standard simple out-and-back design with pops of air-time, or negative G-Forces. Instead, this ride was about twisting, helixes, and near decapitations with the small-looking tunnels.
Wooden coasters today are often built with a large steel structures, which are frowned upon by many roller coaster “purists.” But there is a reason for the new structures. The new “The Voyage” at Holiday World in Santa Claus, Indiana is a perfect example of the success of steel supports on a wooden coaster. “The Voyage” is said to be one of the most intense, smooth, and all around best wooden coasters and has reached the top of many wooden coaster polls.. The steel structure and twisted design are the cause of this coasters success.
Steel roller coasters have revolutionized the amusement park industry. They are famous for loops. The first modern looping coaster is “Revolution” at Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California. With single loop being the only inversion, looping coasters have developed into many categories. The classic corkscrew coasters of the seventies are a thing of the past. Now, looping coasters have many variations. One of the most coaster designer, Bolliger and Mabillard, have turned looping coasters into twisted scream machines. Some of the more popular designs includes inverted coaster (looping coasters with trains suspended below track) or stand-ups (coasters that have you stand up on a roller coaster). Though some coasters make you stand, I don’t recommend it for any other coasters. One twisted roller coaster that represents what loopers can do is “The Dominator.” This ride takes rider up 161 feet, drops them and takes them over a series of inversions. These include two interlocking corkscrews, a cobra roll (two inversions), and a 135 foot vertical loop. Looping coasters have shown great innovation in roller coasters.
While steel is great for new elements such as loops, people crave air-time, speed, and monster hills. Hyper coasters are here to help those people. Hyper coasters are steel non-looping coasters that have exceeded the 200 foot height barrier. The first hyper coaster was built at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio. Named Magnum XL-200, this coaster had a height of 205 feet. This ride also features a pretzel turn-around and lots of bunny hills for air time. Magnum is still on many top ten coaster lists, and is one of my personal favorites. Many roller coaster historians and enthusiasts agree that we are in the “age of hyper’s.” Since the building of Magnum, hyper coasters have become the star attractions to many parks and dominate steel coaster polls.
Roller coasters are part of the world’s history, there are many different types of them for everyone’s tastes, give screams to millions around the world!
PS My sources were this site, Cedar Fair's website, and Wikipedia. BTW, I wrote this in about an hour.
Number of Comments: 2
Added by eric_gieszl on October 31, 2006 @ 11:19:49 PM
I enjoyed reading your report. When I was in school I never wrote anything about amusement parks or roller coasters. My interest did not start until after I started this site.
Added by ethan on November 4, 2006 @ 11:32:23 AM
Could you tell I got a lot of info from this site?
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